Sita Bibaha Panchami

Sita Bibaha Panchami is the auspicious day when princesses of Janakpurdham Sita married prince of Ayodhya Ram Chandra. 

Sita was daughter of king Janak of Janakpur. She is also known as daughter of earth. Ram was son of  King 
Dasharath of Ayodhya. Sita and Ram was married is on Marga Sulka Panchami. Therefore, Marga sukla panchami is called Bibaha Panchami. 

The marriage anniversary of Lord Ram Chandra and Sita is celebrated at Janaki Mandir in Janakpurdham. The temple is filled with thousands of people from all across Nepal and India. 

A grand celebration is organized in Janaki temple.  The temple is decorated as a real marriage Mandap (a Hindu marriage place). 

Ram Sita Bibaha
सीता विवाह पंचमी

ध्यायेद् विदेतनायां सषिगौरवनर्म ..

When is Bibaha Panchami

Sita Bibaha Panchami (Ramsita Bibaha Panchami) falls on Marga Sulka Panchami in H
indu lunar calendar.

This year Vibaha panchami is on November 27, 2014. In Nepali Bikaram Samvat calendar it is on
Mansir 11, 2071.

How is Sita Bibaha Panchami celebrated

Janaki Temple

Janaki Temple is decorated as the wedding palace. The idol of Sita and Ram are decorated as bride and groom. Hindu 
marriage ceremony is performed as Sita and Ram are getting married. Thousands of people gather together in the temple. The temple is filled with ocean of people. Ram and sita are worshiped and people prepare delicious food and family gathering takes place later in the evening. On this occasion a big fair is held at Janakpur. People are seen buying things and surfing the fair.

In the town, some people and communities organize barat (janti - procession) , a male acts as Ramchandra and another as Sita and people walked as the associates of Ram and Sita in the janti (baaraat). 

Story behind Sita Bibaha Panchami celebration

Janakpur was the kingdom of King Janak. Janakpur means the place of Janak. King Janak organized a ceremony called Swayamvar, to select bridegroom for her daughter Sita. Princes from various kingdoms were invited and there placed a challenge to string a giant bow. The was presented by Lord Shiva to King Janka. The bow (dhanu) is called Shiva Dhanus. No one other than Ramachandra could lift the bow, string it and even break it into two halves. This made Ram qualified to marry Sita. Then the day is celebrated on Marga Sulka Panchami as Sita Bibaha Panchami in Nepal.

About Sita, the daughter of Earth (Bhumi or Dharti Putri)

There are various stories about the birth of Sita. 

King Janak wanted to perform a hindu-worship called Yagya. As a custom he himself needed to level the ground with a golden plow for making an altar. While leveling the ground he found a girl child inside the ground. King Janak and queen Sunayana adopted her. They named her Sita. They gave her name from the word “Sitay” means the tip of a plough. 

Another story says King Rawan levied heavy taxes on the people of Janakpur. People had no money. They presented a pot filled with human blood to Ravana with a note on it saying “tax is here but, be careful to open it”. Ravan was curious but could not open the pot and he sent this pot to place in the Himalayas. It is said Sita was born out of the same blood.  

Some more about Janaki Mandir of Janakpur

Janaki Mandir is situated in the heart of Janakpur in Nepal. This temple is named Janaki after the name of Sita. Sita is also called Janaki, daughter of Janak. This temple is an eastern architecture. Janaki Mandir was built by Queen Brisabhanu Kunwari of Tikamgarh in AD 1911. It is said they spent 900,000 Rupees to finish this temple. That is the resaon this temple is also called Nau Lakha Mandir (nine Lakh Rupees temple).

It is said In 1898AD (1955 Bikaram Sambat), a golden statue of Sita was found at the spot, and Sita is also said to have lived there. It is also said that the temple was built on the holy site where Sannyasi Shurkishordas had found the images of Goddess Sita. It is also said that King Janak performed the worship of 'Shiva-Dhanus' on the location where the Janaki Temple is situated.