Nepali Calendar

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Bikram Sambat (BS or B.S) 
(विक्रम संवत)  also spell as Vikram Sambat i
s the official calendar of Nepal. We are now at 2069 calendar year. This calendar was started by Bikram Aditya of Ujjain.

Bikram Sambat calendar is a Solar calendar.  Bikram Samvat is about 56.7 years ahead of the solar Gregorian calendar (AD). Our calendar starts with the month of Baishak and marks the beginning of the solar New Year. The last month of BS calendar is Chaitra. Biram Sambat calendar is also called Patro. However. actual Patro is the lunar calendar with Hindu Tithis and Mithis in it. Read More

List of all Nepali Festivals and events with dates=>

Nepali Patro with Festivals, Miti and Tithi

Vikram Samvat calendar with date converter

The Western calendar is also a solar calendar. A year in calendar is the time required for the earth to complete one orbit around the sun. The earth takes about 365 days 5 hours 48 minutes and 46 seconds to complete it's one orbit round the earth.  That period is counted as a full year.

Eastern Hindu lunar calendar is based on both the sun and the moon; it uses a solar year but divides it into 12 lunar months. A lunar month is precisely 29 days 12 hours 44 minutes and 3 seconds long. Twelve such months constitute a lunar year of 354 days 8 hours 48 minutes and 36 seconds. To help the lunar months coincide with the solar year, the practice of inserting an intercalary (extra) month arose. Hence an extra month, called the Purushottam month (Adhik Mas), is inserted every 3 years.

Lunar days in eastern calendar are called “Tithis”. They are calculated using the difference of the longitudinal angle between the position of the sun and moon. Because of this, tithis may vary in length. Consequently, the tithi may or may not have changed by the time the day has changed at sunrise. And that is why we find at certain times a tithi being omitted, and at certain times, two consecutive days sharing the same tithi.

Most of the festivals falls on lunar calendar and we use Bikaram Sambat which is solar calendar. That is the reason most of the festivals in Nepal do not fall under the same day in Bikram Sambat calendar all the years.  

Upcoming festivals

Convert Bikram Sambat date to English date

Nepali Calendar Bikram Sambat 2069
Nepali Calendar
Nepali New Year

Subpages (1): Nepali Tithis